The FINANCIAL -- Verdict: FactCheck concludes that Mamuka Bakhtadze’s statement is MOSTLY FALSE.
Resume: Georgian Railway’s revenues denominated in GEL were the highest in 2014-2015 of all the years in the accounting period despite a substantially reduced cargo turnover. This increase is because of the depreciation of GEL with Georgian Railway’s tariffs being denominated in foreign currency. As a result of increased financial expenditures because of the fluctuation of currency exchange rates, profit figures have been significantly reduced as compared to previous periods. In 2015, for the first time in the period of the analysis, Georgian Railway’s net profit is negative (loss). The joint performance of 2014-2015, with a GEL 26 million loss, is the worst for the company as compared to any other two-year period.
There is a clear tendency of decrease in cargo turnover both in the case of dry as well as liquid cargo with volumes having dropped by 40% and 55%, respectively, as compared to 2012. In light of decreased oil prices, the assertion that a cheaper transportation capability (pipeline) is now used for cargo transportation is a legitimate claim. However, a pipeline naturally cannot be considered as an alternative for the transport of dry cargo. Georgian Railway’s dry cargo turnover has also decreased.
As of 2012, in accordance with Fitch, Georgian Railway’s credit rating was at BB- with a stable perspective. As of 2017, the assessment worsened and changed to B+(stable). In 2016, Standard & Poor also changed Georgian Railway’s credit rating from BB- to B+ stable and in 2017 changed the perspective to negative. As a result, Georgian Railway’s credit rating returned to the initial level of assessment (B+) which it was given in 2010.
At the United National Movement faction session, candidate for the Prime Minister of Georgia, Mamuka Bakhtadze, stated that Georgian Railway was the most financially successful(in terms of revenues) in the period of his leadership in 2014-2015. In regard to 2013-2017, Mr Bakhtadze clarified that Georgian Railway’s success as a commercial entity should be assessed with respective financial criterias and investor attitude. He also added that The decrease in the cargo volumes can be explained by the fact that some cargo was redirected to the pipelines running across Georgia.
Georgian Railway’s total revenues in 2010-2015 have a tendency of growth with a decrease only registered in 2016. Although, if we take into account the fact that cargo transportation tariffs are mostly denominated in a USD, we will see that an important factor behind the growth of GEL denominated revenues is the GEL depreciation instead of real positive changes. This assessment is further corroborated by the clear tendency of a decrease in profits.
Georgian Railway’s net profits have had a tendency of decrease since 2012 whilst its net profit was negative(loss) in 2015 for the first time since 2007. The joint performance of 2014-2015 was the worst as compared to any other two-year period. In addition, it is visible that operational profit in 2013-2016 increased by 1.5 times. However, as we have already mentioned, the growth in operational profits was largely stipulated by the depreciation of the GEL exchange rate because tariffs are denominated in a foreign currency. At the same time, the substantial growth in financial expenditures does not affect operational profits and only influences the amount of profit before taxation and the amount of net profit.
Graph 1: Georgian Railway’s Financial Figures (GEL Million)
Source: Georgian Railway
In regard to the EBITDA margin, this figure was less in 2013-2014 as compared to the figures for 2010-2012. In 2015, the EBITDA margin (53.6%) increased and only lags behind the figure for 2011 (54.6%) in the accounting period. However, a tendency of decrease has resumed since 2016 and this indicator dropped to 44.4%. In accordance with the data of the first three quarters of 2017, the EBITDA margin decreased by 4.6 percentage points as compared to the same figure in the similar period of 2016 (43.5%) and constitutes 38.9%.
In 2017, Georgian Railway transported 10.7 million tons of cargo which is 1.2 million tons less as compared to 2016. The majority of the decrease is at the expense of liquid cargo. In 2012-2017, the amount of both liquid and solid cargo has shown a constant decline. In five years, the volume of transported liquid cargo decreased by 55% whilst the amount of transported solid cargo decreased by 40%. Therefore, the decline in total turnover cannot be explained by the decreased flow of oil alone.
In regard to the attitude of potential Georgian Railway investors, its credit rating is the key indicator here. Fitch and S&P both make assessments of Georgian Railway’s credit. The initial assessment was carried out in 2010 with each of the agencies having given the company a B+ rating with a stable perspective. In 2012, Fitch changed Georgian Railway’s credit rating from B+ to BB- with a stable perspective. In November 2013, Fitch amended the perspective to negative and moved it up again to stable in December 2014. In 2015-2016, Georgian Railway’s credit rating remained at its existing level whilst its perspective was changed from stable to negative watch in 2016. In 2017, Fitch decreased Georgian Railway’s credit rating to B+ with a stable perspective. In 2016, S&P also decreased its credit rating to B+ and gave the company a stable perspective. In 2017, the perspective was also changed to negative.